INTROFIRSTPSALMSECONDGOSPELSHARINGCATECHISM

Rejoice! The Lord is near

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Desert Rose (Source: Pixabay)

by Fr. Eamon Tobin

In the first reading, Isaiah offers hope to the weak and frightened Israelites living in exile.

In the second reading, James also offers hope to people awaiting the Second Coming of the Lord.

In the Gospel, the imprisoned John the Baptist is confused about the identity of Jesus.

The desert and the parched land will exult; the steppe will rejoice and bloom. They will bloom with abundant flowers, and rejoice with joyful song. — Is 35:1-2a (NAB)


Song suggestions

Pause for a moment and listen to one of the following songs.


Opening prayer

God of our Lord Jesus Christ, creation rejoices in the hope of the Savior’s coming and looks forward with longing to his return at the end of time. Prepare our hearts for our Lord’s coming and remove all the things that hinder us from feeling the joy and hope which his presence will bestow. Be with us now, Lord, as we gather to share our lives and your holy Word. Amen.

GAUDETE SUNDAY (3:13)

3 Minute Theology – What’s the deal with that lone pink candle in your Advent wreath? Why is Father going to wear rose vestments? It’s time to rejoice!

Deliverance from exile

Isaiah 35:1-6, 10
Desert oasis (Source: Peakpx.com)

by Fr. Eamon Tobin

The people of Israel are in exile because of their infidelity to their covenant with God. But God’s prophet announces the good news that their time of exile is about to end. God is coming to liberate his brokenhearted people.

Just as Moses led their ancestors through the desert to the Promised Land, God will lead his people through the desert and back to the Promised Land. But this journey through the desert will not be rigorous and difficult like their first journey.

Their way will be eased by the gracious hand of God. Nature will be transformed. Oases will spring up to refresh them and where once brambles and thorns had made travel difficult, now flowers and beautiful foliage will decorate their path.

During their journey, the frightened will become bold, the feeble will gain strength, and the blind, the lame, and the deaf will experience liberation.

Say to those whose hearts are frightened:
Be strong, fear not! Here is your God,
he comes with vindication;
with divine recompense
he comes to save you. — Is 35:4 (NAB)

Lord, come and save us

Psalm 146
Henn, Ulrich. Healing the Sick, from Art in the Christian Tradition, a project of the Vanderbilt Divinity Library.

by Fr. Eamon Tobin

This psalm expresses God’s concern for the disenfranchised and poor.

The LORD gives sight to the blind;
the LORD raises up those who were bowed down.
The LORD loves the just;
the LORD protects strangers. — Ps 146:8-9 (NAB)

THIS WEEK'S PSALM

Courtesy of JessComTV

Be patient

James 5:7-10

by Fr. Eamon Tobin

James counsels the Christian community to practice patience. (People are becoming impatient because Jesus’ return or Second Coming is being delayed and because of conflicts in the community.) James uses the image of a farmer to make his point. Just as a farmer is subject to the elements of nature and must cooperate with them, so must the Christian practice patience with God’s timing and ways. James also urges his readers to take as models the prophets who suffered much as they spoke the Word of God.

See how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient with it until it receives the early and the late rains. You too must be patient. Make your hearts firm, because the coming of the Lord is at hand.— Jam 5:7b-8 (NAB)

RELATED VIDEO (3:42)

Patience People

Patience People by John Foley S.J. from Gentle Night –
Liturgical Music from the Saint Louis Jesuits for Advent and Christmas

Differing perceptions of the messiah

Matthew 11:2-11
Detail from “St. John the Baptist in Prison Visited by Two Disciples” (1455-60, detail) by Giovanni di Paolo (Art Institute of Chicago)

by Fr. Eamon Tobin

Last week, we encountered John out in the desert; today, we meet him in prison (which must have been an awful experience for a man who loves the wilderness). He is in jail because he told Herod that it is wrong for him to marry his brother’s wife. The Gospel has two parts: the first speaks about John’s faith crisis, and the second about his role in the plan of salvation, as established by Jesus.

It would seem that John’s followers have been reporting to him about the ministry of Jesus: his healings and his befriending of sinners. John is confused because Jesus is not turning out to be the type of messiah that he foretold.

John, it seems, is looking for one who possesses a more forceful and authoritative expression of power. Where are the axe, winnowing fan and fire spoken about in last Sunday’s Gospel? John wonders if Jesus is the One who is to come―or should he look for another?

Jesus’ response is indirect. Contrary to popular expectations, Jesus will neither be the militaristic leader who would drive out the Romans nor the ‘hell-fire and damnation’ messiah. Rather, Jesus is to fulfill the vision of the Messiah described by Isaiah in to-day’s first reading: he will bring healing to the sick and mercy to sinners.

Reflecting on today’s Gospel, Fr. George Smiga writes:

“In Matthew’s story, John represents those of us who find ourselves at a point in life when it becomes clear that the vision to which we gave our lives is not emerging.”

John’s image of the Messiah is of a stern judge executing fiery judgement on sinners. When John hears of Jesus’ attitude towards sinners, especially his eating with sinners, he begins to wonder if Jesus is really the long-awaited Messiah. He wonders if he should look elsewhere. This was a huge faith crisis for John.

Jesus seeks to dispel John’s doubts by showing that he is doing the very things that the prophets said the Messiah would do, namely, restore sight to the blind, make the deaf hear, raise the dead, etc. (See today’s first reading.)

Then Jesus says: “Blest are the ones who take no offense at me” (not scandalized). These words are intended to challenge John and his followers to correct their perception of the Messiah and to accept God’s way of saving the world. Jesus goes on to say that John is a super special guy precisely because he is the one chosen by God to prepare people’s hearts to receive Jesus. Yet despite his great role in the history of salvation, “the least in the kingdom of God is greater than him.” How come, we may ask? Because John does not live to see and experience the New Age that Jesus comes to inaugurate, like, for example, the great outpouring of the Holy Spirit that takes place at Pentecost.

Amen, I say to you, among those born of women there has been none greater than John the Baptist; yet the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. — Mat 11:11 (NAB)

RELATED VIDEO (2:08)

Courtesy of CCTNtv

This week’s questions

Last Week | Next Week

by Fr. Eamon Tobin

1. Turn to the person next to you and share what word/s or image/s in the readings caught your attention? Did they comfort or challenge you or touch you in some way?

2. The first reading speaks about ‘frightened hearts.’ At times, all of us feel scared and fragile. What can cause you to be fearful? What helps you deal with your fears?

3. James speaks about ‘patient waiting.’ Can you recall a time when you had to patiently wait for God or something else? How did you cope with that? Are you a patient person? What in us might cause us to be impatient?

4. John was confused about Jesus’ identity because of his miracles and works of mercy. Is there anything about God’s ways that confuses you?

5. Name one thing today’s Gospel says to us that we disciples of Jesus need to heed and act on.

More Discussion Questions


Responding to the Word

Suggestions on ways to act:

1. If you know someone for whom this is an anxious or frightening time, contact them to let them know you are praying for them.

2. Practice patience when tempted to be impatient.


Journaling

Having listened to God’s Word and listened to others’ reflections on it, take a quiet moment to reflect on what you are hearing God say to you. Your response will be what you bring to Eucharist on Sunday, asking Jesus to help you respond as he asks of you. When ready, jot down your reflections.


Praying with the Word

Good and patient God, help me to be patient with my own shortcomings. Help me to be patient with you and others.

INTERCESSION STARTERS
Copyright © 2019. Joe Milner; For more intercessions go to the Sunday Web Site at Saint Louis University.

For the Church: that we may recognize the presence and action of God in the loving and merciful deeds around us and be open to God’s invitations to extend the reign of God through our words and deeds…

For the gift of patience: that God will help us to trust so that we may wait through various challenges and allow God to show us a new path to proceed…

For insight and a new vision: that we may not limit the actions of God but be open to how God touches us through people, experiences and unexpected events in our lives…

For all who struggle with doubt, who question if Jesus is the one: that their eyes and hearts may be opened to the marvelous things which God does within and around them…

For those who are caught in their own expectations: that God will break their bonds and open their vision to all that is possible through God’s love…


Closing prayer

Father in heaven, our hearts desire the warmth of your love and our minds are searching for the light of your Word. Increase our longing for Christ our Savior and give us the strength to grow in love,that the dawn of his coming may find us rejoicing in his presence and welcoming the light of his truth. We ask this in the name of Jesus the Lord. Amen.

Catechism Links

Homiletic Directory

Joy

CCC 30, 163, 301, 736, 1829, 1832, 2015, 2362

Patience

CCC 227, 2613, 2665, 2772

Jesus performs messianic signs

CCC 438, 547-550, 1751,

NOTE: The above paragraphs in the Catechism of the Catholic Church resonate with this week’s biblical readings. They have been chosen because they cite or allude to the specific readings, or because they treat topics found in the readings.


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SOURCES/CREDITS:
Commentary Text: ©2019 Fr. Eamon Tobin, Commentaries & Faith Sharing PDF Handout.
Songs, photos of artwork, videos and scripture verses are curated by LectioTube.com. They do not necessarily reflect Fr. Tobin’s opinions or preferences.
Excerpts from the Lectionary for Mass for Use in the Dioceses of the United States of America, second typical edition © 2001, 1998, 1997, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC. Used with permission.
Intercession starters: Copyright © 2019. Joe Milner; visit The Sunday Web Site at Saint Louis University for a whole lot more.
Catechism links go to mobile friendly site at St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church. Copyright permission for posting of the English translation of the CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH on the web site was granted by Amministrazione Del Patrimonio Della Sede Apostolica, case number 130389.
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